Emerging Security Environment in 2021 and Challenges for Pakistan


At the advent of the twenty-first century, many predictions were made about events and happenings of this millennium across a broad spectrum of scope and dimensions. These were based mostly on experiences of contemporary history, at best spanning over the last two centuries. Where those astrologers failed was the velocity of change and the absence of a logical transition. The world has changed in a magnitude and in dimensions that were unimaginable in those times. What has happened is that time difference between fiction and reality is reducing by the day.

Geo-politics is no exception in this context and has witnessed equally scintillating and unimaginable happenings in this century. Whereas there have been numerous micro-level changes, there is no dearth of transformation at the macro level also. Who could imagine that Russia, one of the states of the erstwhile Soviet Union would invade and capture Crimea,’ a territory of Ukraine, member of North Atlantic Treaty Read More…

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The Islamabad Policy Institute (IPI) is a nonpartisan, independent policy research institute based in Islamabad. Our goal is to undertake in-depth analysis of challenges and choices confronting Pakistan. We aim to help policymakers and public better understand the world, region and Pakistan-specific challenges and opportunities. We make efforts to engage government, civil society, private sector, media, academia in open debates and dialogue on the most significant developments in national and international affairs. We envision contributing to policy-making through periodic policy-papers putting forward policy-recommendations developed in collaboration with experts and stakeholders in each area. IPI takes no institutional position on policy issues.


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